Foot and Ankle Specialists in Bergen, Passaic, and Morris County
Dr. Cherise Dyal completed a Fellowship in Foot and Ankle Surgery at the Hospital for Special Surgery. She subspecializes in both surgical and non-surgical problems affecting the foot and ankle. As a foot and ankle specialist, we deal with the following issues:
- Hammer toes
- Claw toes
- Foot deformities
- Flat foot deformity
- Heel pain / Plantar fasciitis
- Runner’s injuries
- Stress fractures
- Stress injuries
- Achilles tendonitis
- Achilles tendon ruptures
- Osteochondral lesions
- Posterior tibial tendonitis
- Peroneal tendon problems
- Ankle instability
- Sports related injuries
About Ankle Sprains
Ligaments are the strong tissues which connect bones to each other to support and stabilize joints. A sprain occurs when the ligaments are stretched or torn and usually result from a fall or twisting injury. Ankle sprains are very common and the lateral ligaments (anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments) are much more frequently injured than the medial ligaments (deltoid ligament). A “high” ankle sprain will involve the anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament and can take longer to feel better.
Symptoms and Treatment of Ankle Sprains
An ankle sprain can cause pain over the injured ligament, swelling, discoloration and an inability to walk. Sprains can also result in chronic or recurring pain and can occur in association with other injuries including tearing or straining of the peroneal tendons, fractures or broken bones, instability and nerve injuries. Sprains are classified according to their severity ranging from stretching (Grade 1 or mild) to partial tearing which can cause laxity of the ankle (Grade 2 or moderate) to complete tearing of the ligament which causes instability (Grade 3 or severe).
Diagnosis of an ankle sprain is made by taking a careful history of the injury and performing a thorough physical examination. Radiographs or X-rays of the ankle may be necessary to determine if any fractures or broken bones are present. If the pain is chronic and instability is a symptom, stress radiographs may be taken.
Treatment of ankle sprains depends on the severity and age of the injury. Initial treatment is often called RICE which stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.